Minimally Invasive Lumbar Endoscopic Discectomy (LED) treats patients with herniated disc problems who have not responded to conservative treatment like bed rest, physical therapy and muscle relaxants. As opposed to open lumbar disc surgery, lumbar endoscopic discectomy requires a small incision and reduces the risk of damage to the back muscles. As the name implies, this procedure is done to remove any herniated disc material. A disc is a structure that sits between your vertebrae to helps your spine stretch, flex, and compress. Sometimes an inner jelly within the disc will either leak out, or make the shell of the disc bulge. This can then put pressure on a surrounding nerve, which leads to leg or lower back pain from a pinched nerve.
Because this procedure is minimally invasive, the patient only needs a localized anesthesia for the part of the body where the surgeon makes the small incision. Under x-ray guidance, the surgeon inserts a small tube called a video endoscope, probing through the skin into the herniated portion. This video endoscope helps the surgeon visualize the operational area, allowing him to properly work with the herniated disc. A hydrodiscectomy tool also is used to suction the troublesome disc material into the probe while leaving the healthy part of the disc intact. Once the material is addressed, the surgeon withdraws the endoscope and probe, then stitches the incision closed.
After a lumbar endoscopic discectomy, most patients can go home after the surgery. This procedure helps significantly reduce instances of leg and back pain, but feelings of tingling or numbness often take a bit more time to fade away. After this surgery, you should avoid actions like lifting, bending, and twisting for up to 6 weeks. Aggravating the area of the body where the surgery took place may risk another herniation.
The Spine Institute in New Jersey offers lumbar endoscopic discectomy for patients who are troubled by lower back pain. We specialize in minimally invasive surgeries so people who visit can find relief with their pain without spending extensive time recovering at a hospital. Contact us today to schedule an appointment at one of our many locations in New Jersey.