Cervical = having to do with the spine in the neck
Microdiscectomy = a procedure in which a surgeon uses a microscope and microsurgical tools (micro-) to remove part of a spinal disc (-discectomy)
A cervical microdiscectomy is a procedure in which a surgeon uses a microscope and microsurgical tools to remove a portion of a damaged disc in the cervical spine (neck).
when is this performed?
A cervical microdiscectomy is performed for certain patients with a herniated disc in the cervical spine. A herniated disc can compress (put pressure on) the nerves that exit the spinal cord. (This condition is sometimes known as a pinched nerve.) Compression of a nerve in the cervical spine can cause pain, tingling, numbness or weakness in the shoulders, arms or hands. Before surgery is considered, the doctor may recommend nonoperative measures such as pain medications and physical therapy. However, if these nonoperative measures do not provide the relief needed, surgery may be considered.
how is it performed
Patients are usually discharged on the day of surgery or the next morning. Patients are usually encouraged to walk as soon as possible, often on the day of surgery. In general, patients are encouraged to increase their activities as they are able to tolerate, but should refrain from strenuous exercise until cleared by their surgeon. The surgeon will schedule a follow up visit, typically 4-6 weeks after surgery. Physical therapy is rarely required. If physical therapy is needed, it will typically be started at the time of the follow up visit. Physical therapy will focus on strengthening the neck and increasing range of motion.