Approximately 80 percent of the population will experience some form of back pain in their lives. All age groups are at risk but it is most prevalent during the third to sixth decades of life.
Back pain conditions can be:
- Disc Herniation – Often occurs when the jelly like center of a spinal disc begins to push through a crack that has formed in the exterior casing. Can irritate nerves which results in arm or leg pain.
- Lumbar Radiculopathy (Sciatica) – A condition where a herniated disc or bone spur begins to press on a nerve, causing a pain that starts in the spine and runs down to the back of one leg.
- Degenerative Disc DiseaseAlso known as osteoarthritis. The discs in the spine begin to lose cushioning, fragment, and herniated primarily from aging. Usually leads to less flexibility in the spine.
- Cervical Radiculopathy (Pinched Nerve) – A disease that is found at a nerve’s root, usually caused from a nerve pinched by a herniated disc or bone spur. May sometimes be the result of a tumor.
- Bulging Disc – Similar to a herniated disc, a bulging disc is when the interior of the disc pushes up against the disc’s membrane. Instead of leaking out of a crack, the shell of the disc begins to “bulge”. These bulges can put pressure on the spinal nerves.
- Torn Disc – Basically a more severe bulge, as the membrane that holds the jelly like substance is ripped open from the pressure. The pressure this puts on the spinal nerves creates pain and numbness.
- Facet Joint Syndrome – Inflammation in the joints that allow your body to bend, twist, and flex. When this occurs, you begin to feel a stiff pain that makes natural movements difficult. Usually affects the neck or the lower back.
- Spinal Canal Stenosis – When nerve roots are compressed because of a narrowing of the spinal canal. Normally caused by age related degeneration, but may also occur from spinal arthritis, a herniated disc, congenital bone defects, or a tumor.
- Spinal Stenosis – When the channel that holds your spinal nerves in the lower back or neck begin to narrow. Puts pressure on nerves by closing the space that allows them to function.
- Spondylolisthesis – A condition where the vertebra slip over the vertebra below it in the lumbar spine. Symptom severity can vary from no symptoms at all to very extreme pain.
- Bone Spurs – When a present, natural bone faced an abnormal growth. This growth causes pain by rubbing against soft tissues like tendons, nerves, ligaments, or rubbing against other bones.
- Foraminal Stenosis – The foramen is the space that nerves travel through. If this space narrows, then this particular form of spinal stenosis occurs, affecting a section of vertebra.
- Prior Surgical Intervention – The event where a previous surgery failed to relieve back pain. May be caused by several different factors such a recurrent disc herniation.
- Traumatic Spinal Injuries – Spinal injuries that occur due to an external factor such as a car accident or a slip and fall. Can damage nerve roots.